NOVEMBER 19, 2020
The Biden-Harris Administration brings opportunities to advocate for “Green New Deal” policies and regulations that will fight the climate crisis and its negative health impacts, address systemic racism and environmental injustice, and redirect government spending away from nuclear weapons and toward health care for all and a green economy. Biden-Harris have laid out ambitious plans to tackle these issues—but industries will win favors and influence—so we must keep the pressure on, especially during their first 100 days.
What are our next steps? A flurry of articles was released last week covering actions the Biden-Harris administration could take during their first 100 days without the senate, including this excellent list of action items for Biden’s first 10 days that was endorsed by many environmental NGOs and Physicians for Social Responsibility chapters.
The Biden-Harris Plan for a Clean Energy Revolution and Environmental Justice, and the Build Back Better infrastructure energy plan have three main goals: 1. ensure a 100% clean energy economy and net-zero emissions no later than 2050, 2. investment in clean energy and climate research, 3. rapidly deploy clean energy innovations across the economy, especially in underserved communities. The plans are based on Jay Inslee’s, governor of Washington State’s extraordinarily comprehensive Green New Deal instruction manual.
Inslee’s instruction manual is an impressive step-by-step guide, but to give Biden-Harris a running start in the race to address the climate crisis, the incoming Administration was given a new report, the Climate 21 Project, written by approximately 150 experts with high-level government experience, including nine former cabinet appointees. The report offers holistic, or whole-government, multi-agency climate action steps that will hopefully be overseen by a new White House National Climate Council. The effort will require every agency and policy council to take responsibility, make domestic investments, new regulations and policies, as well as repair international diplomacy, including rejoining the the Paris Climate Agreement that the Trump administration exited.
Below we have summarized some of the first steps the new administration could take and linked them to efforts that we have been focused on in California.
Reinstate nationwide rules for auto emissions that were put in place under the Obama administration and that are similar to California’s regulations. The regulations put in place by Trump mean that transportation emissions are expected to add nearly 900 million more tons of carbon dioxide to our atmosphere than if we had stuck with the Obama-era standards; the United States is nowhere near cutting its climate pollution by a necessary floor of at least 2.7 to 3.3 percent a year. Biden-Harris can also reinstate states’ ability to impose stricter emissions regulations than the federal standards which will enable California to lead in emission reduction standards.
In June, the California Air Resources Board adopted the nation’s first electric truck standard, the Advanced Clean Trucks Act, a ground-breaking regulation that sends a clear signal to truck manufacturers, and is a significant step in transforming the state’s freight and transportation industries. The rule, which sets zero-emission truck sales targets for manufacturers beginning in 2024, is estimated to bring 300,000 electric trucks to California’s roads by 2035, including 17,000 semi-trucks. The ACT rule can help to significantly reduce NOx and particulate matter emissions and, according to a 2019 California Air Resources Board analysis, could save Californians $9 billion in health costs.
OIL AND GAS
Biden will hopefully issue an executive order directing the Interior Secretary to end all oil and gas lease sales and permits on federal lands. Biden has said that he would not issue new leases for fracking. However, ending new leases would not stop the destruction that is currently taking place. To do that, Biden would need to void leases (on land that has not yet been developed) that were issued by the past administration. He could also require more capturing of methane from wells.
A huge concern in California is the Trump administration’s plan to auction off more than 4,000 acres of federal land in Kern County, California, near the Carrizo Plain National Monument this December. Kern County already has some of the worst air pollution in the country and drilling would add significantly to the emissions.
Biden could reestablish the Obama administration’s Clean Power Plan that regulated greenhouse gas emissions from power plants, the nation’s second-largest source of global-warming gas. Trump’s replacement plan has been a gift to the coal industry and according to EPA would only reduce emissions by 0.7 percent by 2030. Better yet, Biden could implement a new plan that would meet his proposed goal of eliminating electricity production emissions by 2035.
ECONOMIC STIMULUS AND INVESTMENTS
Biden has pledged to create new green jobs to help the country recover from the economic impacts of the pandemic and hopefully move our country toward a just transition economic plan that would include funding for clean energy research and development, job training, unionized, living-wage jobs, and support for states to continue their renewable energy expansion, and tax credits for renewable energy industries.
In California, the ACT Regulation may also play an important role in California’s economic recovery by getting Californians back to work manufacturing electric trucks and building out the necessary charging infrastructure. Currently, California’s EV industry supports 276,000 direct jobs in the state, according to an early March report from the Los Angeles Economic Development Corporation.
FINANCIAL AND NATIONAL SECURITY
Biden can strengthen our country’s financial and national security by diverting funds away from nuclear weapons and other excessive military spending and toward Green New Deal solutions. Since 2010 and in a 2019 report, the U.S. Department of Defense has acknowledged that climate change is a significant threat. So why does the U.S. spends 28 times more on military security than on climate security? Driving this point home, a recent ICAN report underscores that the $138,699 spent in the world in 2019 on nuclear weapons per minute by the nuclear states would be one clear example for redirecting our resources toward a GND that would benefit, and not annihilate our civilization.
Also, just last week, the Fed requested to join the Network for Greening the Financial System, a global coalition of central banks working to manage climate risks, and they released the Financial Stability Report that warns, “Climate change adds a layer of economic uncertainty and risk that we have only begun to incorporate into our analysis of financial stability.”
ENVIRONMENTAL JUSTICE AND SYSTEMIC RACISM
SF Bay PSR believes Biden should create an Environmental Justice Advisory Board to coordinate policies across agencies and direct federal agencies to assess and mitigate environmental harms in low-income areas and communities of color. Federal agencies should coordinate to increase pollution monitoring in vulnerable communities and create mapping tools to better understand disparities, similar to California’s CalEnviroScreen database.
In general, the Biden-Harris administration’s shift toward “Green New Deal” polices gives us in California more leverage to lead by reinvigorating interest in the California COVID-19 Recovery Deal (AB 1839, originally titled the CA Green New Deal) that is focused on creating a just transition to a green, regenerative economy that is founded on climate, racial, and economic justice. If it had passed in the 2020 legislative session, it would have established a policy framework with principles and goals committed to accomplishing identified economic, environmental, and social objectives and priorities as part of the state’s COVID-19 recovery spending. The authors of the bill say AB 1839 emphasized that all Californians have the right to clean air and water, and healthy food, and would ensure access be experienced equally throughout the state’s communities.
As we turn our attentions toward our new presidential administration and the 2021 California legislative session, we ask for your help advocating at the federal and state levels.
Please make your end-of-year gift now to help us keep health professional voices in the forefront of key policy makers’ minds during this critical moment when the new administration is making decisions that will define the next four years.